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SOFT SPRING WHEAT

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GEROINYA

 

Originator - Plant Production Institute nd. a V.Ya. Yuryev of NAAS.

It has been entered in the Plant Variety Register of Ukraine for growing in steppe zone of Ukraine since 2005.

Varietal characters: Variety – lutescens. White bald cylindrical glabrous ear, 8-10 cm long. Medium ear density. Medium lancet-shaped glume. Short pointed tooth. Sloping shoulder. Keel is narrow and considerably expressed throughout the length. Venation is feebly marked. Red egg-shaped grain. Furry base of grain. Medium crease, short pappus, thick fluff, medium phenol staining. Mass of 1,000 seeds is 35-38 g. 

Biological features: The height of plant is 95-105 cm. Growing season – 110 days. Lodging resistant. Easily thrashed grain. High drought resistance. Covered smut resistance is higher than that in the standard. Powdery mildew resistance,  loose smut resistance, and brown rust resistance are on the standard level. 

Economic features: It is a sort of intensive type. The potential yield capacity is 5.3 t/ha. It belongs to valuable wheat by baking qualities. According to the data of Grain Quality Laboratory of the institute, when the yield capacity is 3.0 t/ha, the bread volume is 555 ml. The gluten content is 35.3 %, the protein content is 15.2 %.

Agrotechnical requirements: Seeding rate is 5.0 mln of germinable seeds per hectare.  If the seeding rate is decreased, abundant second growth forms, which significantly extends the growing season. To obtain high crops it is required to apply optimal doses of mineral fertilizers as well as to protect plants from pests with insecticides like Danadim, Borey and, if necessary, from diseases with fungicides like Pholicur, Falcon, especially after appearance of ear. Prior to sowing seeds should be dressed with an insecticide. Due to high covered smut resistance there is no need in fungicide treatment of seeds.

Author's certificate No 05142. Registration number  05454, 01.01.2005. Patent No 0664.

 

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