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An ultra-early-ripening variety of grain usage with enhanced drought resistance, lodging resistance, shedding resistance and resistance to diseases and pestst

Originator - Plant Production Institute nd. a V.Ya. Yuryev of NAAS.

The year of registration in the Plant Variety Register for growing in Ukraine – 2013.
Zones recommended for growing: forest-steppe and steppe.

Approbation characteristics. Variety – argillosperma. The plant is semi-compressed with thick central stem up to 80 cm, fluff is yellow-brown, flowers are violet. Seeds are oval-spheroid, light-yellow, hilum is in the same colour as arillus, with eye. Mass of 1,000 seeds is 140-150 g.

Biological features. The sort belongs to the early-ripening group, the growing season length is 92-97 days. It shows high drought resistance, lodging resistance, shedding resistance, resistance to diseases and pests. It is well-adapted to machine harvest, can be used as a predecessor before winter wheat. The sort is grown for grain.
Economic features. In the competitive variety trial carried out by the Plant Production Institute nd. a V.Ya. Yuryev of NAAS (2007–2009 гg.) the yield capacity was 1.53 t/ha, which exceeded the standard Yug 30 by 0.23 t/ha. The potantial yield capacity is 3.5–4.5 t/ha.
For the period of 2010–2011 the average yield capacity of the sort Estafeta varied from 1.85 t/ha in woodlands to 2.30 t/ha in forest-steppe. A significant surplus in the yield capacity over the standard was noted in forest-steppe (by 16.8 %) and steppe (by 6.3 %). The maximum yield capacity (2.82 t/ha) was registered in steppe zone at Kiliyskaya State Variety Station (Odesskaya region) in 2010. In 2011 in forest-steppe at Kelmenetskaya State Variety Station (Chernovitskaya region) 5.07 t/ha were obtained.
Protein content in grain - 38-40 %, oil content – 21-22 %.

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